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VPS چیست؟

What is a VPS?

With a VPS, you open a world of possibilities that would not be possible on shared hosting because of restrictions.

VPS stands for Virtual Private Server. This refers to the partitioning of a physical server into multiple servers. In effect, each one acts just like a dedicated server, you get all the features of a dedicated server but at a lower price. Each VPS has its own operating system, and each can be rebooted separately. These operating systems each receive a specific share of the resources of the physical server, no more and no less, they are isolated from each other so that one cannot interfere with another. If one VPS experiences problems or tries to use too much memory or CPU resources, it has no effect on the others.

There are many advantages to selecting a VPS, it costs less than a fully dedicated server and provides a great deal of freedom and flexibility over the limitations and restrictions of shared hosting. You are limited only by the capabilities of the VPS, so select one powerful enough to meet your needs. You can always upgrade later if you decide it becomes necessary.

As for virtualization technologies we offer KVM VPS servers.

Since you are supposed to manage your VPS yourself, we recommend you have a good understanding of Linux commands and are familiar with the WHM/cPanel control panel. You can get a VPS without WHM/cPanel, but in this case, you would need to have very advanced knowledge of Linux.

If you don’t feel you have the technical expertise necessary to manage your own VPS, there is no need to let that stop you – you can select full management for an additional fee.

You won’t have root access, and it will act much like a shared hosting plan, but you will still make the decisions.

cPanel is required if you choose full management for a VPS.

ادامه مطلب

نحوه مدیریت User Role ها در وردپرس

How to manage WordPress user roles

Apart from the main Administrator account, WordPress supports so-called users with additional privileges. Such users can access the dashboard, but their operations are restricted to specific options.

There are 5 types of WordPress users:

Subscribers: basic account type assigned to all website visitors who signed up on your website. They do not have any special privileges. A logged in subscriber can only edit her/his own profile settings.
Contributors: can create new posts and approve comments.
Authors: users who can create new posts, approve comments and upload media files. However, they can’t access the WordPress website settings and edit existing posts of other users.
Editors:  these users can edit/create all posts and pages, add/remove media files of any other user.
Administrators: accounts with the highest level of access, they can edit any WordPress content items or settings.

NOTE: Before proceeding with any changes, make sure that you generate a full backup of your website. If you’ve created your site using Softaculous script installer, feel free to refer to this guide as well (step #4 – Backup software).

You can change the account type in the WordPress dashboard > Users section. In order to create a new user, click on the Add new option:

On the next page, fill out the following fields: Username, E-mail, Password, First and Last Name (optional), Website for this account and select the desirable role from the drop-down list. Once done, click on Add New User:

If you wish to change the role of the existing user, go back to the All Users list, check the user in question and set the new role via the Change role to… option:

You can also change the user role manually in the database via phpMyAdmin.

NOTE: It is strongly recommended to back up the database before proceeding.

1. In cPanel go to phpMyAdmin menu in Databases section:

Once there, select your WordPress database.

NOTE: You can check the database name of your installation in wp-config.php file, line define (‘DB_NAME’, ‘databasename’); 

2. Select the wp_users table, locate the account role you want to change and memorize its ID, you will need it later.

In this example, we will change the role of ‘Namecheap’ account, its ID is 6:

3. Now go to the wp-usermeta table, click on Search.

Input the user ID into the user_id field and wp_capabilities into the meta_key field and click on Go:

4. You will see a database cell containing a record specifying the current Role of the user. In our example, it is author. In order to change it, click on Edit:

5. On the next page, you will need to replace the current meta_value with the new one according to the role you need:

a:1:{s:10:”subscriber”;b:1;} – Subscriber
a:1:{s:11:”contributor”;b:1;} – Contributor
a:1:{s:6:”author”;b:1;} – Author
a:1:{s:6:”editor”;b:1;} – Editor
a:1:{s:13:”administrator”;b:1;} – Administrator

In our example we are making a “Namecheap” user an administrator by inserting the corresponding code into her/his wp-usermeta database cell:

That’s it!

ادامه مطلب

نحوه تغییر آدرس ادمین وردپرس

How to change your WordPress Admin URL

Using special WordPress plugins allows you to change the WordPress default login URL. Since WordPress brute-force attacks have become more frequent, changing the default login URL will prevent attackers from accessing your admin login form.

Following the steps below you will learn how to change the WordPress default URL using Lockdown WP Admin and iThemes Security plugins.

NOTE: Before proceeding with any changes, make sure that you generate a full backup of your website. If you’ve created your site using Softaculous script installer, feel free to refer to this guide as well (step #4 – Backup software).

Lockdown WP Admin

1. Install and activate Lockdown WP Admin plugin:

2. Go to Lockdown WP panel and enable Hide WP admin feature, enter the desired login URL then:

3. Choose the authentication method below:

If you use one of the HTTP Auth options the plugin will let you also create a secondary WordPress admin details. The secondary password and username would have to be entered in, even if someone guessed your secret login URL. The following authentication pop-up window comes up:

WordPress Login Credentials: selecting this option will prompt you to your normal WordPress admin username and password, prior to gaining access to the actual WordPress admin login page.

Private Usernames/Passwords: if you use it, you can configure a new secondary login from the Lockdown WP > Private Users section.

Save the changes and log out your WordPress Admin console. You should see the new login URL you set, while /wp-admin or /wp-login.php will serve a 404 error page.

iThemes Security

1. Install and activate iThemes Security plugin:

2. Navigate to Security > Settings:

Choose All:

Locate Hide Backend block and hit Configure Settings:

3. Enable Hide Backend feature:

In the Login Slug field, enter your new login location.

Once your changes have been made, click Save All Changes.

Unfortunately, changing the login URL itself is not enough. Since the plugin also updates the Meta widget in WordPress with the new updated URL, it is needed to remove either the whole widget or just the Log in link:

Remove Meta Widget from WordPress

1. Log into your WordPress Admin console and go to Appearance > Widgets:

2. Click on Meta widget, then hit Delete:

Remove the Log in link

1. Log into your cPanel and use File Manager menu.

Navigate to your /wp-includes directory. Right-click on the general-template.php file, then click Edit:

NOTE: make sure that you copy the general-template.php file before performing any changes. You can either download it to your local machine or copy/paste it to another directory within your cPanel.

2. Find the following line in the code:

$link = ‘<a href=”‘ . esc_url( wp_login_url($redirect) ) . ‘”>’ . __(‘Log in’) . ‘</a>’; 

Comment the line with two forward slashes //

3. Put the following code on the next line:

$link = ”; 

The final code should look like this:

function wp_loginout($redirect = ”, $echo = true) {

if ( ! is_user_logged_in() )
//$link = ‘<a href=”‘ . esc_url( wp_login_url($redirect) ) . ‘”>’ . __(‘Log in’) . ‘</a>’;
$link = ”;

else 

4. Go to your site. You should now see that the login link is gone from the Meta widget:

That’s it!

ادامه مطلب

نحوه ریست کردن پسورد ادمین وردپرس

How to reset WordPress admin password

There are three ways to reset a lost WordPress dashboard password:

Using the Lost Password option
Using Softaculous Apps installer
In the database

Using the Lost Password option

1. Open your WordPress administrative login page – it is usually located in http://yourdomain.com/wp-admin.

2. Click on the Lost your password? option, fill out the username or email address > Get New Password:

   

3. Log into your email account, which is set as your administrative WordPress contact. You can find the email message with the password reset URL there, click on it:

4. Enter your new strong password twice on the opened page > Reset password:

Using Softaculous Apps installer

In order to change the password for your WordPress admin user, follow next steps:

1. Log into cPanel and navigate to Softaculous Apps Installer menu:

2. In the Softaculous interface find All Installations icon in the top right corner:

3. In this menu you will see Scripts Installations list. Select the one you need to change the admin password for and click on Edit Details (pencil icon) next to it:

4. Next you will see installation details page. Scroll down to Admin Account section. Here you need to enter your current username and the new password in Admin Password field:

5. Once done, scroll down to the bottom of the page and hit Save installation details button:

6. After that you will receive the message about the successful update:

Feel free to log in to WordPress admin panel using the new password.

Reset the password via the database

If Lost your password? confirmation emails do not arrive, or if you have no access to the email account linked to your administrative dashboard, you can reset your password via MySQL database:

1. Log into your cPanel > section Files File manager and navigate to the document root of your WordPress website:

2. To check what database is used for your WordPress website, open the wp-config.php file located in:

3. Go to cPanel > Databases section > phpMyAdmin:

4. Select the database in question, table wp-users and click on Edit next to the admin user:

5. On the next page, type in your new strong password into the user_pass box, select MD5 in the Function column and click Go:

You can now go back to the WordPress dashboard page and try to log in with the new password.

That’s it!

ادامه مطلب

نحوه انتقال وردپرس از یک subfolder

How to move WordPress from a subfolder

This article will take you through the process of moving your WordPress website from the subfolderyourdomain.com/wp to the domain root – yourdomain.com:

for cPanel paper_lantern theme
for cPanel x3 theme

NOTE: Before proceeding with any changes, make sure that you generate a full backup of your website. If you’ve created your site using Softaculous script installer, feel free to refer to this guide as well (step #4 – Backup software).

for cPanel paper_lantern theme:
Re-installation
Redirection
File migration and Database update

Re-installation

If you just installed your website and have done no or little development, WordPress re-installation will be the easiest way out.

You just need to go back to cPanel > Exclusive for Namecheap Customers section > Softaculous Apps Installer menu:

Create a new one, make sure the In Directory field is empty and proceed with the installation:

Do not forget to uninstall /subfolder website by hitting the red cross in All Installations menu:

Redirection

If the website is pretty much done and re-installation is not acceptable, you can set up a hidden redirect – the installation will remain in the subfolder, but your website homepage will be yourdomain.com.

Take into account that this redirect will make /subfolder disappear only on the homepage, links will still have it – e.g., yourdomain.com/subfolder/contactus.

If it sounds alright to you, add the following redirect to .htaccess file in the domain web root (replacing yourdomain.com with your actual domain name and subfolder with your subfolder):

RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^(www\.)?yourdomain.com$
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !(/|\.[^/]*)$
RewriteRule (.*) http://www.yourdomain.com/$1/ [L,R=301]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^(www\.)?yourdomain.com$
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/subfolder/
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ /subfolder/$1 

1. Navigate to Files section > File Manager:

2. Move to the root folder for your WordPress installation – public_html in case it is the main domain for your account.

Once there, make sure that Show Hidden files (dotfiles) option is enabled in Settings menu:

< br>
3. Locate .htaccess file, right-click > Edit:

4. If there is no .htaccess file located in your File manager, feel free to create a new one using File option:

You are ready to add the redirect rule and save it.

File migration and Database update

If the option above does not work for you, and you would like to make sure there is no /subfolder on your website, you can go this way.

NOTE: We highly recommend to back up website files and the database before proceeding.

1. File migration

Go to your website folder using FTP or File Manager:

Select All files > Move them to the domain document root (in our example, from public_html/wp_subfolderto public_html):

Once done, go back to the domain document root to make sure all files have been moved:

2. Database update

You can update old URL references with the new ones in the database either using search and replace scripts or using text editors. Below we provide the guidelines using the latter:

1. To begin with, you will need to locate the database associated with your website. Right-click on the file > View or Edit option:

You will see the database name in this line:

3. The next steps is to download the backup of the database. It can be done in your cPanel > Files section > Backup menu:


4. Unzip the downloaded file. Now you can open .sql file with some text editor and update all the URL references.

Hit Ctrl + F and select Replace option. Fill out the corresponding fields, Find – your old domain, Replace – your new domain) and hit Replace All:

5. Once done, you should get the output like this:

Make sure that you save the changes.

6. Now you can upload the updated database to your cPanel account. To be on the safe side, we suggest creating a new database (instead of dropping the existing one) and connect it to your WordPress side.

To do so, move to Databases section > MySQL Databases menu:

7. Follow the steps below to create a new database and user for it:





Keep these details, you will need to use them a bit later.

8. After that you can upload the database using phpMyAdmin menu in Databases section:

9. Select the newly created database from the list on the left and use switch to Import tab. There you will need to use Browse option to pick up the database .sql file from your local device:

NOTE: If your database is more than 50Mb, import the database following the steps in this guide.

10. Once done, you will need to update wp-config.php file in your installation root folder:

The fields to be changed are:

define ‘DB_NAME’ line – the name of the new database you’ve created in MySQL Databases menu.
define ‘DB_USER’ line – the name of the new user you you’ve created in MySQL Databases menu.
define ‘DB_PASSWORD’ line – the new password you’ve set for database user in MySQL Databases menu.

Save the changes and feel free to check your website.

If everything is working fine, you may delete the old database you used for the website.

11. It is also advised to re-generate the permalinks to make sure they have the new URL. You can do it in your WordPress dashboard in Settings menu > Permalinks.

So if you had Post name, you need to switch it to Plain, for instance, save the changes and then revert everything back:

for cPanel x3 theme:

Re-installation
Redirection
File migration and Database update

Re-installation

If you just installed your website and have done no or little development, WordPress re-installation will be the easiest way out.

You just need to go back to cPanel > Software/Services section > Softaculous > WordPress, make sure the In Directory field is empty and proceed with the installation.

Do not forget to uninstall the /wp website in Softaculous once done:

Redirection

If the website is pretty much done and re-installation is not acceptable, you can set up a hidden redirect – the installation will remain in the /wp subfolder, but your website homepage will be yourdomain.com.

Take into account that this redirect will make /wp disappear only on the homepage, links will still have it – e.g., yourdomain.com/wp/contactus.

If it sounds alright to you, add the following redirect to the .htaccess file in the domain web root (replacing yourdomain.com with your actual domain name and wp with your subfolder)

RewriteEngine On
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^(www\.)?yourdomain.com$
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !(/|\.[^/]*)$
RewriteRule (.*) http://www.yourdomain.com/$1/ [L,R=301]
RewriteCond %{HTTP_HOST} ^(www\.)?yourdomain.com$
RewriteCond %{REQUEST_URI} !^/wp/
RewriteRule ^(.*)$ /wp/$1 

File migration and Database update

If the variants above do not work for you, and you would like to make sure there is no /wp on your website, you can go with this option.

We highly recommend to back up website files and the database before proceeding.

1. File migration

Go to your website folder using FTP or File Manager:

Select All files > Move them to the domain document root (in our example, from public_html/wp to public_html):

Once done, go back to the domain document root to make sure all files have been moved:

2. Database update

You can update old URL references with the new ones in the database either using search and replace scripts or using text editors.

Below we provide the guidelines using the latter.

  • Check what database is used for your WordPress website. You can check it in the wp-config.php file located in the WordPress installation folder:

  • Go to cPanel > Databases section > phpMyAdmin.

 

  • Select the database in question and click on Export > Go:

  • The database will be downloaded to your computer. Now you need to open it and update all yourdomain.com/wp references with yourdomain.com.

    Once opened, click Ctrl+F and choose the tab Replace. Fill out the fields below correspondingly > Replace All:

  • Once done, the prompt below will display the result:

  • Save the updated database and exit the application.
  • Now go back to cPanel > Databases section > phpMyAdmin and select your database.
  • Check all tables using the option below and select Drop from the drop-down menu:

  • On the next page, confirm the actions by clicking Yes:

  • Once the old tables are dropped, go back and select the database > Import:

 

  • Choose the updated database from your computer files to upload > Go:

  • You will see a green status bar – this will indicate that the database has been successfully imported. On your right, a database tables tree will appear:

Go back to your website and refresh the page to check the results:

That’s it!

 

ادامه مطلب

نحوه نصب خودکار وردپرس از طریق cPanel

How to install WordPress using Softaculous

Once you order hosting service, you can start creating your own website. Using Softaculous automatic app installer you can install WordPress in a few clicks.

Below you can find step-by-step guidelines covering the process:

1. Log into your cPanel.
2. Navigate to Exclusive for Namecheap customers section > Softaculous Apps Installer menu:

3. On the homepage, click on the WordPress icon:

4. Switch to the Install tab to proceed:

5. On the next page you will need to fill out the details of your WordPress installation.

  • Choose the domain you wish to install WordPress for
  • In the In Directory field you can specify the root folder for WordPress installation. By default, this field is empty, and it allows installing WordPress on yourdomain.com directly. If you wish to install it to a subfolder, like yourdomain.com/blog, simply type “blog” in this field.
  • Database Name can be left default.
  • Table Prefix can also be left default wp_; however, due to security reasons it is better to change it, e.g., to ncwpsite_ .
  • The Site Settings section should be filled out accordingly to your needs, though you can change it anytime later if required.

Make sure you set up secure and hard-to guess details in the Admin Account section:



6. When ready, scroll down and hit Install.
In a few moments you will see the message that WordPress has been successfully installed:

You can now go ahead and log into your WordPress Dashboard to start working on your website.

For your convenience we have created a category dedicated to the most frequent WordPress-related questions – cPanel: WordPress 

That’s it!

ادامه مطلب

دلیل عدم دسترسی به وبسایت و cPanel

Why can’t I access my website and cPanel?

Sometimes you find the website hosted with us inaccessible. More than that, you are not able to access cPanel and webmail. The links http://serverIP/cpanel and http://cpanel.domain.com are displaying an error message Server connection timed out. What is happening?

First of all, you should check whether your server is up. Please visit http://status.namecheap.com to see if there’re any known technical issues. If server is running normally, most likely, your external IP address was blocked by Firewall. 

Your browser will display such text when trying to connect to the server:

* The connection was reset. The connection to the server was reset while the page was loading.
* The site could be temporarily unavailable or too busy. Try again in a few moments.
* If you are unable to load any pages, check your computer’s network connection.
* If your computer or network is protected by a firewall or proxy, make sure that Firefox is permitted to access the Web.

Firewall is a set of devices designed to protect networks from unauthorized access while permitting legitimate communications to pass. Due to security reasons, we have installed Firewall on our servers, too.

Automatic firewall blocks are created for a certain external IP address from which unauthorized access attempts were noticed by the Firewall monitoring program. In case of 20 failed login attempts from your IP address, it gets temporarily blocked for 10 minutes. If more failed login attempts are detected during this period, the IP gets blocked permanently. If the server detects 15 failed login attempts from different IP addresses, this account will be temporarily locked for 5 minutes.

So, if you find yourself not being able to connect to the website, cPanel and webmail from a certain computer, most likely, you have triggered the Firewall rules. Please contact our Support and we will gladly unlock your IP. You can check your external IP address here .

What can be the reason of the IP being blocked and how to avoid it? 

  • Exceeding the number of failed cPanel login attempts

When you were not able to log into cPanel for the first time, please do not try to do it as many times as possible. Once you have used the incorrect login details 20 times in 300 seconds, the IP gets blocked. To avoid that, please check your login details in the Welcome Email Guide that was sent to the email account associated with the hosting package. Otherwise, feel free to ask for the cPanel password reset via ourSupport 

NOTE: You can use Roboform and Lastpass web browser addons to keep your login details safe and secure without having to type and remember them.

  • Failed POP3/IMAP/SMTP or Webmail login

Apart from cPanel login protection, Firewall also prevents unauthorized access to mail service.

1. Block due to webmail failed login attempts

If you were having issues with logging into webmail and, as a result, both cPanel and webmail are no longer available, most likely you have triggered a similar IP block for email access.

2. Block due to failed POP3/IMAP login attempts

If you start receiving errors/pop-up windows related to IMAP/POP3 failed authentication in your email client, then it is possible that login credentials for the email account are outdated/incorrect. Unfortunately, in this case the email client will not stop trying to access the mail server which may in time result in a permanent IP block as well.

3. Block due to failed SMTP login attempts

This kind of block occurs when SMTP authentication data is not valid so you can’t send mail from the email client (you can still have correct settings for the incoming mail server and receive new emails without issues). Usual symptoms for such issue are the emails that do not leave the “Outbox” folder or errors/pop-up messages that notify about failed SMTP authentication. Make sure that SMTP login is your full email address, and the password is the same as for the incoming mail server.

If you still can’t log in with the old password, consider resetting it once your IP address is unlocked. You can do it in your cPanel account on the Email accounts page.

for cPanel paper_lantern theme:

for cPanel x3 theme:

  • Incorrect email client settings

The email client settings may also cause an IP block, so if you are struggling with an email client setup, it is better to delete the non-functioning email account from the email client and start from scratch later. You can find the correct settings here.

We will also be happy to assist you with its setup in LiveChat.

NOTE: Frequent POP3 queries to the server can cause high general server load. In order to avoid this, we have implemented the limit of 100 POP3 connections per hour from a single IP address for all shared users. Therefore, it is not recommended to set POP3 mail check interval to less than 5 minutes in order to avoid IP blocking. 

  • Failed FTP/SSH login

Make sure your FTP client is using correct login details and appropriate settings. You may check them here. Please make sure you use port 21 for FTP and 21098 for SFTP (SSH). Note that we enable SSH per a user’s request. Therefore, please contact us via Support with the request to enable SSH. The tips on how to connect via SSH can be found here .

  • Failed web page login

It occurs when there is an authentication form or a protected directory on the website. Please make sure you use correct login data.

  • PortScan activity

Port scan is an attack that sends requests of a client to a range of server port addresses on a host with the goal of finding an active port and exploiting a known vulnerability of that service. To avoid that, please make sure your clients are configured in a way not to permanently attempt to scan ports of a server. Reduce timeout intervals on all FTP and mail clients in your network. If there are many users in your network, and all of them are accessing the Internet from an external IP address, make sure they do not reconnect using FTP or mail clients frequently. Connection requests coming from one IP can trigger the firewall to block the IP. You can modify FileZilla’s max concurrent connections for every site you connect to in the following way:

1. Start up the FTP program FileZilla and go to Edit -> Settings
2. Under the left sidebar menu on the Settings window, you should see the Transfers option. Click on it.
3. Under Concurrent transfers, you have the label “Maximum simultaneous transfers:”, then a text box with a numeric value in it. Make sure that the number is 3 or less. It is recommended to keep this value at 1 if possible, because having multiple connections will slow down your uploads in the long run. If the value is more than 3, you may get blocked.
4. Hit the button labeled “OK” and exit FileZilla. Then, start it up again for the changes to take effect:

ox1.jpg

To change the maximum number of concurrent FTP connections on a per-site basis, you need to go to File -> Site Manager. Click on the saved website you wish to edit and click on the “Transfer Settings” tab. Change the value in the text box listed there to 3 or less, hit the button labeled “OK”, disconnect and restart FileZilla for the changes to take effect.

That’s it!

ادامه مطلب

نحوه ریست کردن پسورد cPanel

How can I reset my cPanel password?

If you forgot your cPanel password, or the one provided in the welcome email does not work, you can reset the password following these steps:

1. Click Reset Password on the main cPanel login page:

2. Enter your cPanel username and click on Reset password:

3. Once done, the email with the confirmation code will be sent to the contact email address assigned to your hosting account. It is better not to close password reset page as you may need to enter a confirmation code on it.

Below you can see the example of the email:

4. Click on SSL Reset Link in the email, it will bring you to another login page with the new password displayed:

If the link does not work, go back to cPanel page, enter the confirmation code and hit Submit:

5. Once done, the window with the new password appears, use it to log into your cPanel account.

NOTE: If you do not receive the email within 10-15 minutes, feel free to contact us via Helpdesk so that we can assist you with the password change.

For this, you will need to provide us with the following details:

Main domain
cPanel username
Namecheap username
Your Support Pin

6. If you know your current password, you can change it in your cPanel > Preferences section > Change Password menu:

for cPanel paper_lantern theme:

Fill in the required fields with the Old and the New password you wish to use and hit Change Password:


for cPanel x3 theme
:

Fill in the required fields with the Old and the New password you wish to use and hit Change Password:

That’s it!

ادامه مطلب

تفاوت های cPanel و WHM

Difference between cPanel and WHM

WHM (WebHost Manager) provides administrative control over your dedicated server or VPS. It allows a hosting provider to manage a customer’s account.

WHM is also a reseller control panel. It is what our customers receive with all Reseller hosting plans and use to manage all their resold hosting accounts in their reseller plans. However, a reseller has restricted reseller rights in WHM comparing to VPS and Dedicated Servers WHM (root user rights), so some functions are not available for them:

In WHM, you can:

  • create individual accounts
  • create custom hosting packages
  • add domains to the server
  • manage features of hosting packages and accounts
  • reset passwords/contact email addresses for cPanel accounts
  • edit Resource Limits for cPanel accounts
  • modify DNS zone records for each domain/subdomain
  • set up private nameservers on the server
  • access resold accounts without entering login details
  • perform basic system and control panel maintenance

For more information about reseller WHM options, refer to this article.

cPanel is designed for managing separate hosting accounts on the server. End users/clients are able to:

  • install CMS using Softaculous
  • upload and manage files for their websites
  • add/remove addon domains and subdomains
  • create email accounts and manage email settings and SPAM protection
  • edit DNS records for their domains
  • check website statistics
  • manage databases and backups, etc.

cPanel paper_lantern theme: 

cPanel x3 theme: 

Take into account that when accessing cPanel via WHM of a reseller or root user, you can manage almost all options of the end user’s cPanel. However, some menus (like GoogleApps) can be accessed only when you are logged in as an individual cPanel user.

Here is the structure of WHM/cPanel users depending on their permissions:

1. Server Administrator Panel (root access to WHM)

The top tier and highest-level user is the ‘root’ user. This is the server administrator who has full access to the server. The server administrator has total control over all WHM functions and can modify global server settings as well as customize settings for users with more limited privileges. A root user can access all levels of WHM interface, including reseller WHM and an end cPanel user. There is only one root user per server.

2. Reseller Panel (WHM)

The reseller user is a subordinate of the server administrator.

A reseller user has a more limited set of features comparing to the root user. They are limited by the server administrator to the features which affect the reseller’s customers’ accounts but not the whole server.

Reseller access is provided with Reseller Panel (WHM) where they can manage all their resold accounts. The reseller also has access to all created accounts (‘resolds’). The privileges of the reseller are set by the server administrator. There can be multiple resellers per server.

3. Main Reseller cPanel

cPanel is a control panel used to manage the hosting account under your main domain. When you sign up for a Reseller package, you select a main domain name, it can be accessed via the main cPanel account. Login details for this cPanel coincide with WHM account details. If you need to reset the WHM password, it is required to reset the main cPanel account password, and they will both synchronize.

4. cPanel account (resold)

Resold accounts are owned by the Reseller Panel (WHM). Resold accounts can be easily created, managed and maintained in Reseller Panel (WHM).

That’s it!

ادامه مطلب

بررسی کنترل پنل CPanel

cPanel control panel overview

cPanel control panel is designed for managing separate hosting accounts on the server. End users/clients are able to:

  • upload and manage files for their websites
  • edit DNS records for their domains
  • add/remove addon domains and subdomains
  • install CMS using Softaculous script installer
  • create email accounts
  • manage email settings and SPAM protection
  • check website statistics
  • manage databases and backups, etc.

More details about the structure of WHM/cPanel users depending on their permissions can be found in this article.

We have cPanel 11.62 installed on our hosting servers. You can find the latest documentation covering all its functions here.

You can find cPanel structure overview for cPanel paper_lantern theme and for cPanel x3 theme below in this guide.

for cPanel paper_lantern theme:

Basically cPanel has two vertical sections with different features:

Left column which provides a number of various features that are conveniently structured to specific groups based on the concrete aspect of the web-hosting service and Right column which includes different Statsinformation about the account. Additionally, you can see a header above both sections:

Header and Right Column:

Left Column:

Header and Right Column:
Search  User  Stats

Search: a search bar that allows you to find cPanel features in the quickest way. Just start entering the name of the needed tool to allocate the corresponding menu:

User: this menu provides a number of options related to your cPanel user and account itself – chaning your cPanel password, contact information, style and language as well as resetting all the current account configuration to the default state:

Stats: here you will find the general information related to your cPanel account:

Server Information menu lists hosting account package and additional server-side details, like the IP address assigned to your cPanel account, software installed on the server and the status of the core services:

Statistics column collects cPanel services and quotas as well as the current account resource usage:

  

Left Column:

Exclusive for Namecheap customers
Files  Databases  Email  Domains  Metrics  Security  Software  Advanced  Preferences

Exclusive for Namecheap Customers

 Namecheap SSL: this menu allows you to use Namecheap SSL cPanel plugin, check this guide for more details.
Google Apps: with this tool you will be able to configure Google Apps service for your domain in just a few clicks. Feel free to check this category for more information.
CodeGuard Backup: this tool was designed to make the backup process as easy as possible. CodeGuard system will constantly monitor the website and keep you informed of any changes, performing full automatic backups of your files to avoid any possible downtime. More information is provided in the following articles:

How to make backups using CodeGuard
How to back up a WordPress site using CodeGuard

 Softaculous Apps Installer: this feature allows you to use Softaculous Script Installer, which includes most popular CMS, such as WordPress/Joomla/Magento etc. It is much faster than other script installers and it installs CMSes in a few clicks. Softaculous application is provided with any cPanel account on all of our shared hosting plans. You can view available scripts and their demo here. You may find these guides useful when working with Softaculous installer:

How to work with scripts in Softaculous
How to install WordPress using Softaculous
How to install Joomla with Softaculous

Namecheap Knowledgebase: this button will take you to our Knowledgebase site section.

Files


 File Manager: here you can manage the files stored in your account. These guides can be found helpful while working with this menu:

How to use File Manager in cPanel
How do I upload my site?

 Images: this tool allows you to view and modify images in your account.

 Directory Privacy: allows you to set a requirement for a username and password when users attempt to access your site from the web. It can be used when you need to limit access to a certain part of your site. You can get more details in this guide.

 Disk Space Usage: in this menu you will be able to check a detailed information about the disk space usage of your account. It shows disk usage totals for your account’s directories and all of its databases, not for individual files or databases. More details about Disk Space usage optimization are provided in this article.

 Web Disk: this feature is a cPanel implementation of the WebDav protocol, which allows you to manage, upload, and download your website’s files as though they were local to your personal computer. More detailed instructions about setting up WebDisk can be found in these articles:

How to set up Web Disk on Windows 7
How to set up Web Disk on Windows 8

 FTP Accounts: this option allows you to create and manage your FTP accounts. In order to create an FTP account, feel free to check this article. For FTP connection instructions, refer to this set of guides:

How to access an account via FTP
How to set up FileZilla
How to set up Cyberduck
How to set up iWeb
How to set up Adobe Muse
How to set up Dreamweaver
How to set up CoreFTP Client
How to set up CuteFTP

 FTP Connections: using this tool you can monitor the users who are currently logged into your site via FTP. Also, it’s possible to terminate an FTP connection from here.

Backup: this feature allows you to download a zipped copy of your entire account or specific parts of it, such as your home directory, databases, email forwarder configuration, or your email filters configuration. More details guidance about how to make backups in cPanel can be found here.

 Backup Wizard: a user-friendly interface for creating a backup of your entire site, a partial backup, or allowing a site restoration from the last backup saved. Note, that Restore option provided in this menu is disabled by default on all our shared servers.

 Inodes Usage: provides the statistics of your account inodes (files) usage.You will find more details about this tool here.

Databases

 phpMyAdmin: the database management tool, which allows you to make different changes to MySQL databases in your account. You can find more information about how to work with databases via phpMyAdmin this guide.

 MySQL Databases: in this menu you can create and manage MySQL databases in cPanel account. You can refer to this guide for more details.

 MySQL Databases Wizard: provides the same functionality as MySQL Databases menu, in a simplified way though.

 PostgreSQL Databases: this option allows you to create and manage PostgreSQL databases in cPanel.

 PostgreSQL Databases Wizard: has the same functionality as PostgreSQL Databases menu, but allows to make all the changes in a simpler way.

 phpPgAdmin: the database management tool, which allows you to make different changes to PostgreSQL databases in your account.

MySQL F.A.Q.: this button will take you to the corresponding Knowledgebase section dedicated to MySQL questions.

Email

 Email Accounts: in this menu you can create and manage mailboxes associated with the domain names hosted in your account. In order to create an email account, feel free to check this guidance. More details about setting up a newly created email account with email clients can be found in the set of articles cPanel Email: Client Setup.

 Forwarders: setting up Forwarders feature provides you with an opportunity to send a copy of all emails from one email address to another. For example, you have two different email accounts and you don’t want to check both of them every time, so you could forward emails from test@yourdomain.com to test2@yourdomain2.com. Note, that the original address will still receive the forwarded emails.

 MX Entry: here you can check and change MX records for the domains hosted in your cPanel account, more details can be found in this guide.

 Autoresponder: this feature allows you to automatically send messages in reply to incoming emails received on a specific email account. This is pretty useful when you are on holidays or unavailable, or if you have any generic messages to send. You will find more information in this guide.

 Default Address: in this menu you can manage an email address, which is used by cPanel to fetch any message sent to email accounts which do not exist at your domain (also known as ‘catch-all address’). More details can be found here.

 Mailing Lists: with this option you can create a single address to send emails, newsletters and other updates to multiple email addresses simultaneously. Feel free to refer to this article to get more information.

 Track Delivery: this menu allows you to monitor emails delivery for your account.

 Global Email Filters: this feature allows you to configure filters of all the emails arriving to your hosted domains.

 Email Filters: with this option you can create filters for each email account for your domain. You can find more details about filtering tools in this article.

 Authentication: this tool will help you to prevent spam. Setting up DKIM and SPF records for your account equip email messages with verifiable information so that your server can automatically detect the nature of incoming and outgoing messages. The detailed guidance about using this feature can be found here.

 Address Importer: this menu allows you to use two types of files (.xls and .csv) for importing data in order to simultaneously create multiple email address or email forwarders for your account.

 Apache SpamAssasin: it is a user-friendly email utility which examines incoming mail for different spam characteristics. It uses various network tests and spam filtering to get an overall score in order to decide whether the mail should be considered as spam or not. SpamAssassin tool is provided by default with all our shared and reseller hosting plans. These articles can be found useful for setting up SpamAssasin feature:

SpamAssassin FAQs
How to configure SpamAssassin in cPanel

Encryption: this option allows you to set up GnuPG, which is a publicly-available encryption scheme that uses the public key approach. This system uses a public key to encrypt messages and you can decrypt them with the private key, which the intended recipient of the message retains.

 BoxTrapper: this tool can protect your Inbox from spam by requiring all email senders not on your Whitelist reply to a verification email before you can receive their mail.

 Calendars and Contacts Client Configuration: this menu helps to configure your client to connect to CalDAV for calendars and CardDAV for contacts in order to access them on your personal devices. The detailed instructions can be found in this guidance.

Professional Spam Filter: this menu allows you to configure SpamExperts, a user-friendly email filtering solution that allows to protect your account from both incoming and outgoing spam. More information about this feature is provided in this article.

E-mail F.A.Q.: this button will take you to the corresponding Knowledgebase section dedicated to email questions.

E-mail Client Setup: this button will take you to the corresponding Knowledgebase section dedicated to email account setup with different email clients and devices.

Domains


Addon Domains: with the help of this menu you can add more domains to the hosting account. Addon domains have the same functionality as the main domain assigned to your hosting account. More details about adding domains to cPanel are provided here.

Subdomains: in this menu you can create subdomains and point them to different sections of your website or other IPs. Detailed instructions about this menu can be found in this article.

Aliases: this feature allows you to ‘park’ additional domain names to your existing hosting account. They display the same website as your primary domain and share web statistics as well. You can refer to this guidewhen setting up a new parked domain.

Redirects: here you can create a redirect for a specific domain/page to another domain/page and display the contents of the latter. More details can be found here.

Simple Zone Editor: using this feature you can add A and CNAME records for your domain(s).

Advanced Zone Editor: allows you to edit the DNS zone of the domain(s) in your cPanel account. The following records can be added: A record, AAAA record, CNAME record, SRV record, TXT record. Feel free to check this article to get more information about setting up DNS records in cPanel.

Domains F.A.Q.: this button will take you to the corresponding Knowledgebase section dedicated to domains’ management questions.

Metrics

 Visitors: the access log of your account provided in a table view.

 Errors: here you can check the error log for your account, showing the latest 300 lines of content related to the errors generated by any website hosted in your account.

 Bandwidth: provides you with the detailed information the bandwidth used by your account.

 Raw Access Logs: the RAW access log for your account.

AWStats: this tool provides you with an opportunity to monitor the access indexes on your account – users, robots, accessed pages and many, many more. You will find a more detailed explanation in this article.

 CPU and Concurrent Connection Usage: shows information on the resources consumed by your account. You can find some additional information on resource usage in this guide.

Security

 SSH Access: here you can generate an access key for your account in order to connect using SSH keys. More details about setting up SSH keys can be found in this article.

IP Blocker: with the help of this tool you can block a range of IP addresses to prevent them from accessing your site. Feel free to refer to this guide on the matter.

 SSL/TLS: this tool will help you to install and manage your SSL Certificates. You will find a more detailed guide here.

 Hotlink Protection: in this menu you can enable hotlink protection for your website (that is to prevent someone from direct linking of your images to another website and, as a result, consuming your hosting account bandwidth). Feel free to check this guidance for additional information.

Leech Protect: allows you to control whether users can give out or publicly post their passwords for restricted areas of your site. It can be used to redirect compromised accounts to the URL of your choice, or suspend them.

Software 

 Select PHP Version: here you can change PHP version applied to your cPanel account. You can find more information in this article.

 PHP: here you can check PHP configuration settings. They cannot be customized via this menu. The system displays them for your reference only. In case you need to change PHP settings, feel free to check following articles:

How to edit php.ini on shared servers
How to change PHP version on shared servers
How to change PHP version on business servers (for older servers)
How to change PHP version on business servers (for newer servers)

 PHP PEAR Packages: this options allows you to install and maintain PHP PEAR packages for your hosting account.

 Perl Modules: here you can manage Perl modules available for your account. A Perl module is a discrete component of software for the Perl programming language. Perl is supported on all of our shared/reseller servers. This article will provide you with more details about this feature.

 RubyGems: in this menu you will find the set of functions that allow you to perform tasks in Ruby. It’s needed to install a Gem before you can use it inside a Ruby program.

 Ruby on Rails: with this menu you can use Ruby on Rails features. Ruby on Rails is a free web application framework for the Ruby programming language. It is often referred to as ‘Rails’ or ‘RoR’. We support RoR with our ProfessionalUltimateBusiness SSD and Reseller packages. The following versions are working on our servers: Ruby – 1.8.7, Rails – 2.3.18. More information can be found in this guide.

Optimize Website: this feature allows you to enable/disable and configure the compression of your website by tweaking the way Apache handles requests, which can increase the performance of your website.

PHP F.A.Q.: this button will take you to our Knowledgebase site section dedicated to PHP-related questions.

Advanced

Cron Jobs: here you can set up scripts running on a scheduled basis. For more details about setting up CronJobs refer to this guidance.

 Track DNS: using this tool you can check DNS information about any domain, or to trace the route from the server your site is on to the computer you are accessing cPanel from.

Indexes: in this menu you can customize the way in which visitors can view a directory on the web.

 Error Pages: this feature allows you to edit the code for the default errors pages your website can display.

Apache Handlers: here you can configure different Apache handlers for dealing with certain file formats.

 MIME Types: provides you with the information about the system predefined MIME types and the option to add a MIME Type on your own.

Virus Scanner: this tool will allow you to scan your account for viruses with ClamAV virus scanner. ClamAV is an open source (GPL) anti-virus engine used in a variety of situations including email scanning, web scanning, and end point security. It provides a number of utilities including a flexible and scalable multi-threaded daemon, a command line scanner and an advanced tool for automatic database updates.

Preferences

 Change Password: this menu allows you to change your cPanel main password if know the original one. Otherwise, you can reset the password following the steps in this guide.

 Change Language: this feature provides you with an opportunity to change your cPanel interface language.

Change style: here you can change the overall look and feel of the interface by selecting one of the several preinstalled styles.

 Contact Information: in this menu you can specify an email address that will receive system email notifications.

for cPanel x3 theme:

Basically cPanel has two vertical sections with different features:

Left column which includes different Stats information about the account, the possibility to switch cPanel theme, the search bar and frequently accessed menus and Right column which provides a number of various features that are conveniently structured to specific groups based on the concrete aspect of the web hosting service.

    

Below you can find a list of each menu for your convenience:

Left Column:

Right Column:

Left Column

In this column you will find following options:

Switch theme: it is a panel for switching between x3 and paper lantern themes:

Find: it is a search bar that allows to find cPanel features in the quickest way. Just start entering the name of the needed tool to allocate the corresponding menu:

Frequently accessed area: in this section you will find the most visited menus for quick access:

Stats: here you will find all the information related to the statistics of your hosting account. At the bottom of this section you will find Expand Stats button, which allows you to review the full statistics:

If you see the expanded stats menu, you will find Collapse Stats button at the bottom of this section in order to switch to the short menu version:

Here is an overview of all indexes:

  • Main Domain: the primary domain name associated with your hosting account.
  • Home Directory: the path the home directory of your account on the server where your websites’ folders and files reside.
  • Last Login: the last IP address your cPanel has been accessed from.
  • CPU Usage: this value specifies how much of the allocated CPU resources you are currently using. The amount of CPU resources we provide to each account is the percentage of the server’s resources.
  • Virtual Memory Usage: this index corresponds to the amount of memory, processes can allocate within LVE. When the process tries to allocate memory, CloudLinux checks if the new total virtual memory used by all processes in LVE is within the limit set. If it is not, CloudLinux will prevent memory from being allocated and in most cases this causes the process to fail.
  • Physical Memory Usage: the actual memory allocated for your account. Virtual memory is usually a file on a disk drive that the operating system uses to store information (swap-to-from) when the real memory becomes full, for instance the page (swap) file on a Linux system. Therefore, if you try to publish a big post, it might take all physical memory to do so, but after some time it will be normalized.
  • Entry Processes: this is the number of processes that enter your account. For example, every PHP page that is accessed by a user will usually generate a single entry process.
  • Number of Processes: this limit is similar to the above but includes all the processes generated by the account rather than the specific PHP, SSH or cron jobs.
  • I/O Usage: this index represents how much I/O (or disk activity) your account is using. Any task which makes use of the servers disk drive (such as reading or writing to the server) will consume I/O. More details about resource limits can be found here.
  • Disk Space Usage: the amount of server disk space provided with your cPanel account. This index displays disk space used by your websites’ content, databases, emails, etc.
  • File Usage: the current number of files (inodes) and your cPanel account’s inode limit.
  • Monthly Bandwidth Transfer: the current amount of data transferred to and from your cPanel account for the month and the total amount of your cPanel account’s monthly bandwidth limit.
  • Email Accounts: the current number of already created email accounts and the total number of email accounts allowed for your cPanel account.
  • Subdomains: the current number of already created subdomains and the total number allowed for your cPanel account.
  • Parked Domains: the current number of already created parked domains and the total number allowed for your cPanel account.
  • Addon Domains: the current number of already added addon domains and the total number allowed for your cPanel account.
  • FTP Accounts: the current number of already created FTP accounts and the total number allowed for your cPanel account.
  • Mailing Lists: the current number of already created mailing lists and the total number allowed for your cPanel account.
  • All SQL Databases: the current number of already created databases and the total number allowed for your cPanel account.
  • MySQL Databases: the current number of MySQL or MariaDB databases created your cPanel account.
  • PostgreSQL Databases: the current number of PostgreSQL databases created in your cPanel account.
  • MySQL Disk Space: the amount of disk space used by your MySQL or MariaDB databases.
  • Mailing List Disk Space: the amount of disk space used by your mailing lists.
  • Hosting Package: your current hosting plan.
  • Server Name: the name of your server.
  • cPanel Version: cPanel version installed on the server.
  • Theme: the current cPanel interface layout set for your account.
  • Apache Version: the current version of the Apache server that is installed on the server.
  • PHP Version: the version of PHP running on the server.
  • MySQL Version: the version of MySQL running on the server.
  • Architecture: the information about the microprocessor type that powers the server.
  • Operating System: the system software that manages the server. All our shared servers are Linux Based.
  • Dedicated IP Address: the IP address assigned to your cPanel account.
  • Path to sendmail: the path of the sendmail program the server. You may find it useful while creating a script that allows visitors to send you emails with a form on your website.
  • Path to Per: the location of the Perl interpreter on the server.
  • Perl Version: the version of Perl that your server runs.
  • Kernel Version: your server’s kernel version, it is the central operating system component.
  • cPanel Pro: the version of the cPanel Pro software run on the server.

Right Column

Preferences

This group of features provides you with the general information on cPanel management and allows you to make basic changes to your cPanel account.

Getting Started Wizard: this menu can help you to find out more about web-hosting basics and set up main features in cPanel.
 Video Tutorials: here you can find cPanel video tutorials which allow you to easily learn how to use cPanel tools; you can rewind, pause, and fast forward through any of the videos. Note, that all the tutorials are soundless by default.
 Change Password: this menu allows you to change your cPanel main password if know the original one. Otherwise, you can reset the password following the steps in this guide.
 Update Contact Information: in this menu you can specify an email address that will receive system email notifications.
Change style: here you can change the overall look and feel of the interface by selecting one of the several preinstalled styles.
 Change Language: this feature provides you with an opportunity to change your cPanel interface language.
 Shortcuts: provides cPanel links you can add to your desktop or your browser’s bookmarks toolbar in order to access cPanel in the easiest way.

Mail

This group of features allows you to create email accounts for your domain names and manage email settings.

Email Accounts: in this menu you can create and manage mailboxes associated with the domain names hosted in your account.

In order to create an email account, feel free to check this guidance.

More details about setting up a newly created email account with email clients can be found in the set of articles cPanel Email: Client Setup.

Webmail: this menu allows you to access your email from any computer using any browser.

Alternatively you can use direct URLs to access cPanel Webmail:

http://yourdomain.com/webmail
http://webmail.yourdomain.com
http://yourdomain.com:2095
http://yourdomain.com:2096
http://servername/webmail
http://servername:2095
http://servername:2096 

You will be required to enter Username (your full email address) and Password (the password set in cPanel during email account setup).

Apache SpamAssasin: it is a user-friendly email utility which examines incoming mail for different spam characteristics. It uses various network tests and spam filtering to get an overall score in order to decide whether the mail should be considered as spam or not.

SpamAssassin tool is provided by default with all our shared and reseller hosting plans.

These articles can be found useful for setting up SpamAssasin feature:

SpamAssassin FAQs
How to configure SpamAssassin in cPanel

Forwarders: setting up Forwarders feature provides you with an opportunity to send a copy of all emails from one email address to another. For example, you have two different email accounts and you don’t want to check both of them every time, so you could forward emails from test@yourdomain.com to test2@yourdomain2.com. Note, that the original address will still receive the forwarded emails.
Autoresponder: this feature allows you to automatically send messages in reply to incoming emails received on a specific email account. This is pretty useful when you are on holidays or unavailable, or if you have any generic messages to send. You will find more information in this guide.
Default Address: in this menu you can manage an email address, which is used by cPanel to fetch any message sent to email accounts which do not exist at your domain (also known as ‘catch-all address’). More details can be found here.
Mailing Lists: with this option you can create a single address to send emails, newsletters and other updates to multiple email addresses simultaneously. Feel free to refer to this article to get more information.
Account-Level Filtering: this feature allows you to configure filters of all the emails arriving to your hosted domains.
User-Level Filtering: with this option you can create filters for each email account for your domain. You can find more details about filtering tools in this article.
Email Trace: this menu allows you to monitor emails delivery for your account.
Import Addresses and Forwarders: this menu allows you to use two types of files (.xls and .csv) for importing data in order to simultaneously create multiple email address or email forwarders for your account.
Email Authentication: this tool will help you to prevent spam. Setting up DKIM and SPF records for your account equip email messages with verifiable information so that your server can automatically detect the nature of incoming and outgoing messages. The detailed guidance about using this feature can be found here.
 MX Entry: here you can check and change MX records for the domains hosted in your cPanel account, more details can be found in this guide.
Calendars and Contacts Client Configuration: this menu helps to configure your client to connect to CalDAV for calendars and CardDAV for contacts in order to access them on your personal devices. The detailed instructions can be found in this guidance.
Professional Spam Filter: this menu allows you to configure SpamExperts, a user-friendly email filtering solution that allows to protect your account from both incoming and outgoing spam. More information about this feature is provided in this article.

Domains

Subdomains: in this menu you can create subdomains and point them to different sections of your website or other IPs. Detailed instructions about this menu can be found in this article.
Addon Domains: with the help of this menu you can add more domains to the hosting account. Addon domains have the same functionality as the main domain assigned to your hosting account. More details about adding domains to cPanel are provided here.
Parked Domains: this feature allows you to ‘park’ additional domain names to your existing hosting account. They display the same website as your primary domain and share web statistics as well. You can refer to this guide when setting up a new parked domain.
Redirects: here you can create a redirect for a specific domain/page to another domain/page and display the contents of the latter. More details can be found here.
Simple DNS Zone Editor: using this feature you can add A and CNAME records for your domain(s).
Advanced DNS Zone Editor: allows you to edit the DNS zone of the domain(s) in your cPanel account. The following records can be added: A record, AAAA record, CNAME record, SRV record, TXT record. Feel free to check this article to get more information about setting up DNS records in cPanel.

Files

Backups: this feature allows you to download a zipped copy of your entire account or specific parts of it, such as your home directory, databases, email forwarder configuration, or your email filters configuration. More details guidance about how to make backups in cPanel can be found here.
 Backup Wizard: a user-friendly interface for creating a backup of your entire site, a partial backup, or allowing a site restoration from the last backup saved. Note, that Restore option provided in this menu is disabled by default on all our shared servers.
File Manager: here you can manage the files stored in your account. These guides can be found helpful while working with this menu:

How to use File Manager in cPanel
How do I upload my site?

Legacy File Manager: provides you with the same options as File Manager, but in a different old interface. You can do only one operation on Legacy File Manager at a time. Still, you are able to perform multiple operations with modern File Manager (like deleting many files) simultaneously. So, File Manager is more practical and faster if you need to make several changes simultaneously.
 Disk Space Usage: in this menu you will be able to check a detailed information about the disk space usage of your account. It shows disk usage totals for your account’s directories and all of its databases, not for individual files or databases. More details about Disk Space usage optimization are provided in this article.
Web Disk: this feature is a cPanel implementation of the WebDav protocol, which allows you to manage, upload, and download your website’s files as though they were local to your personal computer. More detailed instructions about setting up WebDisk can be found in these articles:

How to set up Web Disk on Windows 7
How to set up Web Disk on Windows 8

FTP Accounts: this option allows you to create and manage your FTP accounts. In order to create an FTP account, feel free to check this article. For FTP connection instructions, refer to this set of guides:

How to access an account via FTP
How to set up FileZilla
How to set up Cyberduck
How to set up iWeb
How to set up Adobe Muse
How to set up Dreamweaver
How to set up CoreFTP Client
How to set up CuteFTP

 FTP Session Control: using this tool you can monitor the users who are currently logged into your site via FTP. Also, it’s possible to terminate an FTP connection from here.

 Inodes Usage: provides the statistics of your account inodes (files) usage.You will find more details about this tool here.

Logs

Latest Visitors: the access log of your account provided in a table view.
Bandwidth: provides you with the detailed information the bandwidth used by your account.
Raw Access Logs: the RAW access log for your account
Error Log: here you can check the error log for your account, showing the latest 300 lines of content related to the errors generated by any website hosted in your account.
AWStats: this tool provides you with an opportunity to monitor the access indexes on your account – users, robots, accessed pages and many, many more. You will find a more detailed explanation in this article.
Resource Usage: shows information on the resources consumed by your account.

Security

Password Protect Directories: allows you to set a requirement for a username and password when users attempt to access your site from the web. It can be used when you need to limit access to a certain part of your site. You can get more details in this guide.
SSL/TLS Manager: this tool will help you to install and manage your SSL Certificates. You will find a more detailed guide here.
SSH Shell Access: here you can generate an access key for your account in order to connect using SSH keys. More details about setting up SSH keys can be found in this article.
Hotlink Protection: in this menu you can enable hotlink protection for your website (that is to prevent someone from direct linking of your images to another website and, as a result, consuming your hosting account bandwidth). Feel free to check this guidance for additional information.
Leech Protect: allows you to control whether users can give out or publicly post their passwords for restricted areas of your site. It can be used to redirect compromised accounts to the URL of your choice, or suspend them.
GnuPG Keys: this option allows you to set up GnuPG, which is a publicly-available encryption scheme that uses the public key approach. This system uses a public key to encrypt messages and you can decrypt them with the private key, which the intended recipient of the message retains.

Databases

MySQL Databases: in this menu you can create and manage MySQL databases in cPanel account.
MySQL Databases Wizard: provides the same functionality as MySQL Databases menu, in a simplified way though. More details about how to use both menus can be found here.
phpMyAdmin: the database management tool, which allows you to make different changes to MySQL databases in your account. You can find more information about how to work with databases via phpMyAdmin this guide.

PostgreSQL Databases: this option allows you to create and manage PostgreSQL databases in cPanel.
PostgreSQL Databases Wizard: has the same functionality as PostgreSQL Databases menu, but allows to make all the changes in a simpler way.
phpPgAdmin: the database management tool, which allows you to make different changes to PostgreSQL databases in your account.

Software and Services

CGI Center: this feature allows you to check the list of pre-installed CGI which can be used in your account.
Perl Modules: here you can manage Perl modules available for your account. A Perl module is a discrete component of software for the Perl programming language. Perl is supported on all of our shared/reseller servers.

This article will provide you with more details about this feature.

PHP PEAR Packages: this options allows you to install and maintain PHP PEAR packages for your hosting account.
PHP Configuration: here you can check PHP configuration settings. They cannot be customized via this menu. The system displays them for your reference only.

In case you need to change PHP settings, feel free to check following articles:

How to edit php.ini on shared servers
How to change PHP version on shared servers
How to change PHP version on business servers (for older servers)
How to change PHP version on business servers (for newer servers)

RubyGems: in this menu you will find the set of functions that allow you to perform tasks in Ruby. It’s needed to install a Gem before you can use it inside a Ruby program.

Ruby on Rails: with this menu you can use Ruby on Rails features.

Ruby on Rails is a free web application framework for the Ruby programming language. It is often referred to as ‘Rails’ or ‘RoR’. We support RoR with our ProfessionalUltimateBusiness SSD and Reseller packages. The following versions are working on our servers: Ruby – 1.8.7, Rails – 2.3.18.

More information can be found in this guide.
Optimize Website: this feature allows you to enable/disable and configure the compression of your website by tweaking the way Apache handles requests, which can increase the performance of your website.
Select PHP Version: here you can change PHP version applied to your cPanel account. You can find more information in this article.
Softaculous: this feature allows you to use Softaculous Script Installer, which includes most popular CMS, such as WordPress/Joomla/Magento etc. It is much faster than other script installers and it installs CMSes in a few clicks. Softaculous application is provided with any cPanel account on all of our shared hosting plans. You can view available scripts and their demo here.

You may find these guides useful when working with Softaculous installer:

How to work with scripts in Softaculous
How to install WordPress using Softaculous
How to install Joomla with Softaculous

Advanced

Apache Handlers: here you can configure different Apache handlers for dealing with certain file formats.
Image Manager: this tool allows you to view and modify images in your account.
Index Manager: in this menu you can customize the way in which visitors can view a directory on the web.
Error Pages: this feature allows you to edit the code for the default errors pages your website can display.
Cron Jobs: here you can set up scripts running on a scheduled basis. For more details about setting up CronJobs refer to this guidance.
Network Tools: provides you with an option to find information about any domain or to trace the route from your website’s server to the computer from which you access the system.
Virus Scanner: this tool will allow you to scan your account for viruses with ClamAV virus scanner.

ClamAV is an open source (GPL) anti-virus engine used in a variety of situations including email scanning, web scanning, and end point security. It provides a number of utilities including a flexible and scalable multi-threaded daemon, a command line scanner and an advanced tool for automatic database updates.
MIME Types: provides you with the information about the system predefined MIME types and the option to add a MIME Type on your own.

Exclusive for Namecheap Customers

Namecheap SSL: this menu allows you to use Namecheap SSL cPanel plugin, check this guide for more details.
Google Apps: with this tool you will be able to configure Google Apps service for your domain in just a few clicks. Feel free to check this category for more information.
CodeGuard Backup: this tool was designed to make the backup process as easy as possible. CodeGuard system will constantly monitor the website and keep you informed of any changes, performing full automatic backups of your files to avoid any possible downtime.

More information is provided in the following articles:

How to make backups using CodeGuard
How to back up a WordPress site using CodeGuard

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